Constructed simultaneously with the establishment of Rattanakosin in 1782 by King Rama I the Great, the complex covers a total area of 60 acres and comprises 2 major quarters; the Grand Palace and Temple of the Emerald Buddha (Wat Phra Kaeo).
The palace lies to the east of the Royal Grand Palace, it was built during the reign of King Rama IV. In 1868 King Rama V gave Saranrom Palace to his eldest brother, Prince Kroma Phra Chakrabaddibongse. Later this palace has been used as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs where state guests were received. King Rama VI lived here until he ascended the throne when he then returned the palace to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1926.
Wat Pho or Wat Phra Chetupon was built in the Ayutthaya Period (1688-1703). The common name is “Wat Pho”, a shortened word of its original name Photharam. Famous for the second largest reclining Buddha image in Thailand. During the early Rattanakosin period, Wat Pho was the centre of various fields of education including traditional Thai massage.
In the past, Tha Tian area was one of the significant communities on Rattanakosin Island. A palace of a prince was constructed on this area in King Rama I’s reign (1782-1809) but it was destroyed by fire. Then, a foreign court and accommodation for foreigners were built before they were replaced with shophouses. Tha Tian market is known for various herbal products and dried seafood. There are the boats shuttle between the pier and Wat Arun in Thon Buri. Nearby Tha Tian Pier is located Nakarabhirom Park.