This memorial was built in King Rama VI’s reign in 1919 to keep the ashes of Thai soldiers who died in the First World War. Thailand sent the expeditionary force of 1,200 volunteers to support the Allies in Europe in 1918 and 19 soldiers died. The names of the 19 soldiers are engraved on the four panels of the memorial.
Located in an area of the Palace of the Second Sovereign, the National Theatre was built in 1960 and completed in 1965. The T-shaped building has a combination of Thai and international styles. The Thai feature seems to dominate the overall appearance of the theatre since it is expressed by the roofing, high relief of the God of Arts, and sculptures of characters of Thai classical plays.
The first museum in Thailand was established by King Rama IV (1851-1868). The king used two buildings in the Grand Palace to keep his private antique collections. The first public museum was opened in 1874 during King Rama V’s reign in a building named “Sala Sahathai Samakhom” located in the precinct of the Grand Palace. The Museum was relocated in 1887 to its current location.